1964 Civil Rights Act

President Johnson shakes hands with The Rev. Martin Luther King after handing him a pen during the signing of the Civil Rights bill into law during a White House ceremony.

July 2 - Washington, DC - Considered by many activists to be the most important piece of civil rights legislation since 1875, the Civil Right s Act of 1964, which prohibited discrimination in public accommodations, in employment and in any programs, educational or social, that received federal funding was passed by Congress and signed by President Johnson.