The Southern Manifesto

A black student of Sturgis, KY, is escorted to a witing car by National Guard troops - other Negro students were slipped out of a back door at the end of their classes.

Across the South - White resistance to the Brown decision began to grow after the Brown II ruling and the release of the "Southern Manifesto," which called for states to decide whether they wanted to integrate and when they wanted to do it. As a result, more than 450 laws and resolutions were passed that prevented or severely limited school desegregation.   Two years later, the Supreme Court ruled that these laws, which caused de facto segregation, were constitutional.