The Southern Manifesto

White youth in Charlotte, N.C. taunt Dorothy Geraldine Counts, 15, as she walks to enroll at the previously all-white Harding High School.

Across the South - White resistance to the Brown decision began to grow after the Brown II ruling and the release of the "Southern Manifesto," which called for states to decide whether they wanted to integrate and when they wanted to do it. As a result, more than 450 laws and resolutions were passed that prevented or severely limited school desegregation.   Two years later, the Supreme Court ruled that these laws, which caused de facto segregation, were constitutional.