Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Mrs. Rosa Parks being fingerprinted after her refusal to move to the back of a bus

December 1 - Montgomery, AL - Rosa Parks, a secretary for the Montgomery NAACP, was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white man.   This sparked a 381-day bus boycott, which was led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and resulted in desegregating Montgomery's buses.