These lessons use the close reading teaching strategy and the Iceberg Theory, and are designed to help students clearly understand and fully engage with the content. The goal is to equip them with the foundational training that they need to participate in critical conversations about the material. Using these two strategies, students will enter into, and become engaged with, the content A(bove), B(eneath), and at the B(ottom) of the Water:
Step One: when students work “Above the Water,” teachers activate prior knowledge in an effort to determine what the students know about the modern Civil Rights Movement and about the leaders, what they understand about the March on Washington, the modern Civil Rights Movement, and what they have learned about the impact of the Movement on American history. At this level of engagement, teachers are focused on making sure that their students are actively thinking/working to connect this new information with their prior knowledge.
Step Two: When students work “Beneath the Water,” they are introduced to the readings, discussions, and primary sources, including the visionary interviews and the webisodes about the modern Civil Rights Movement. It is at this level of engagement that students will work very closely with the material and teachers are then focused on helping students to examine, analyze, and understand this new material.
Step Three: Once students reach the “Bottom of the Water,” they will begin to integrate, apply, expand upon, and demonstrate an understanding of the new material. Students will write about the impact of the March, and the modern Civil Rights Movement, and produce a series of (optional) Assessments. At this final level of engagement, teachers want to ensure that students have effectively infused this material into their knowledge bank.